|"As for their character, it is that of a people whom slavery,
ignorance, and sloth have rendered poor, timid, and apathetic.
Yet they are capable of being raised to a higher moral and intellectual
standard..... But, as a rule, the Annamites are insensible to
the arts. Their shrill monotonous music is terrible to a cultured
ear; and it may be doublted whether ours is agreeable to them.
Of sculpture they know only the rudiments; thier poetry is indifferent;
they cannot dance. Thier literary research is confined to an acquaintance
with a few Chinese characters; and their scientific acquirements
are a blank."
Dr Morice, 1872, from "The French in IndoChina", Garnier, 1894